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Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Methods of Treating Psychological Depression

Methods of treating psychological depression


Depression

Depression, a depressive disorder, a major depressive disorder is a mood disorder that causes a constant feeling of sadness and loss of interest, and it is a common mental disorder, although depression negatively affects a person’s feeling, his way of thinking and behaviors, and his ability to do daily activities, in addition to Its impact on different aspects of life; As professional, social, and health, it can be cured and cured, and women are more likely to develop depression than men, and although depression can affect people of any age group, 50% of all people with depression begin to become depressed. The age range is between 20-50 years,It is worth noting that the emotion of sadness that a person feels during difficult life conditions is a natural thing that every person experiences during certain times of his life, and feelings of sadness are usually exceeded with time, but in the event of severe sadness affecting the individual's ability to perform his daily activities for a period of time Longer than two weeks, it may be a sign of a state of depression, then it is necessary to see a doctor to assess the situation and obtain psychological support and appropriate diagnosis, because sadness alone is not a guarantee of diagnosing depression, but rather is a symptom of depression in addition to frustration, Despair, loss of motivation, and decreased interest in daily hobbies and activities that the individual previously considered enjoyable, in addition to fatigue, sleep disturbance, appetite, and many other symptoms that may indicate a psychological disorder that greatly affects the behavior of the individual, therefore it is worth emphasizing that Diagnosis of depression requires the achievement of a set of specific criteria evaluated by a specialist.

How to get rid of depression

Depression is considered a treatable disorder even in the severe stages of it, and depression can be eliminated using many different treatment options, and it can generally be said that treatment of depression depends on its severity according to the evaluation of the specialist doctor, so mild to moderate depression is treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both While severe depression usually requires the use of both drug and psychological treatment together, and in the event of ineffective drug treatment, treatment may be carried out with brain stimulation, whether by electric shock, magnetic stimulation, or transcranial electrical

Psychotherapy


Psychotherapy or, as it is sometimes called, talk therapy, contributes to revealing the causes of depression, and learning health skills to deal with and overcome it, and the following are the main types of psychotherapy:
Cognitive therapy: Cognitive therapy is concerned with the nature of thoughts that come to mind. As thoughts can affect emotions, and thus the negative thoughts of the individual lead to a decline in his condition, while positive ideas contribute to improving the mood, and in fact, cognitive therapy helps to teach individuals to identify negative thinking patterns and turn them into positive patterns, usually a contract is held Therapy sessions with a specific plan for each session, in addition to carrying out a home exercise, and the treatment is usually short; It usually lasts for 6-18 weeks.
Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy is concerned with the nature of the behaviors issued by the individual, and helps to reinforce acceptable behaviors, and get rid of unwanted behaviors, through some techniques such as: linking wrong behaviors with negative repulsive outcomes, and controlling situations that cause sadness and anxiety with relaxation techniques.
Cognitive behavioral therapy: this type combines the previous two methods together; Where he is interested in addressing negative thinking patterns, and wrong behaviors that increase depression, and the therapist needs to follow the daily events that the patient is going through and the manner in which he responds to it, to determine automatic negative reactions, and then teach the patient good thinking patterns and acceptable response methods, in addition to speaking practice Positive about oneself.

General advice for a person with depression


Lifestyle change is one of the main treatments to get rid of depression, as it may help treat some conditions on its own without the need for additional types of treatments, it combines simplicity and great effectiveness together, and changing the lifestyle includes the following means:
Doing exercise: Doing exercise helps improve an individual's mood and reduce symptoms of depression. As increased physical activity causes the human body to stimulate the production of chemicals that act as important neurotransmitters in the brain: serotonin and endorphins, and stimulate the growth of new cells in the brain, walking is recommended for 30 minutes a day to reduce the risk of chronic depression, and exercise in programs Collectivity has a role in promoting self-confidence, developing social relationships and communicating with others, and this is a positive role in treating depression as well.
A good diet: Depression patient should follow healthy diets and follow modern dietary guidelines, because the brain is one of the active and vital parts of the body, which needs a regular infusion of nutrients necessary to produce the neurotransmitters important to continue working normally, and this may reduce symptoms of depression Perhaps the most important nutritional advice is the following:
Eat fresh and whole foods, get enough calcium minerals, and reduce the amount of trans fats in the food, in addition to drinking large amounts of water during the day.
Eat nutritional supplements that contain probiotics or fermented foods, such as: milk to support digestive health.
Refrain from drinking sugar-added drinks, such as sweetened tea and soda.
Reducing caffeine amounts gradually, because consuming caffeine for long periods of time may increase the risk of depression.
Refrain from drinking alcoholic substances.

Having a good sleep: In order to maintain a balanced brain and to help relieve depression and anxiety, people who do not have good quality and adequate amounts of sleep are more likely to develop depression than those who sleep well.








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